RFID Keepsake Box

How I used an Arduino, servo, and keepsake box to make a birthday gift.

February 23, 2014 | Mike Buss

A few years ago, I wanted to make something special for my girlfriend’s birthday. After experimenting with an Arduino, I decided to try to make her a high-tech keepsake box that can lock or unlock with an RFID card. Here is the final result:

I had read about the Reverse Geocache Puzzle by Mikal Hart and thought the idea was brilliant. I wanted to do something similar, but with a twist.

My girlfriend had mentioned wanting a place to keep small mementos, so I thought a personalized keepsake box would be perfect!


Parts Used


Design

The box is fairly simple: the outside consists of a button and an LED. The button turns the box on and the LED indicates whether it’s locked.

Front view of the box including the LED button.
The LED shows the current state (locked or unlocked) of the box.

The inside consists of the Arduino, RFID reader, speaker, power switch, and servo. Here’s a picture of the servo, which is attached to a small rod.

Top view of the servo.

When the box is closed, a small metal eye hook is fed through a hole in the rim of the box. To lock the box, the servo pushes the rod through the eye.

The metal eye hook part of the locking mechanism.
Top view of the cut-out that the eye hook goes through when closed.

I wanted the battery to last as long as possible, so the Arduino is only powered when it needs to be. When the user presses the button, the Pololu switch triggers power to the Arduino, which then listens for RFID tags. When a valid tag is found, the Arduino plays a little tune and turns the servo to unlock the box. If the box doesn’t scan any tags after a certain amount of time, the box shuts off.

The Pololu switch works extremely well. The box has been working for 4 years with the same 9V battery!


Planning for Battery Failure

Since the battery is inside the box, I added a fail-safe for when it finally loses charge. When the battery dies, the box can still be opened with these steps:

The box will be powered by the 9V battery and unlock.

Bottom view of the box. The screws can be used to feed 'backup' power to the device when the internal 9V battery eventually dies.

Software

There are a lot of fantastic Arduino resources out there. When writing the code I used the following examples:

You can find the complete code here. It’s a little rough around the edges, but it works well!


Photos

Here are some more random photos of the box:

One of the RFID tags used to open the box.
The printouts for each tag and the top of the box.
The inside of the box.
The LED shines red when the box is locked.
Close-up of the LED and button. The button LED is green-only.
The light turns white when it's in the process of locking or unlocking.

FAQ

What happens if she loses the RFID tags? I have several extra RFID tags hidden away just in case!

Why didn’t you use a phillips screw for the positive side of the emergency backup solution? Because I’m an idiot and didn’t think of it at the time!


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About the Author

Mike Buss is a software engineer from Ohio who works primarily in the healthcare space. His work has been featured on Apple.com and helped hundreds of thousands of patients. In his spare time, he writes about software development and more.


Follow @michaeltbuss on Twitter as he continues to document his software development journey.